Glossary of Natural Skin Care Ingredients

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AGRIMONY LEAF - Agrimonia Eupatoria. Calming, astringent and toning. Beneficial as an eye wash. Also anti-inflammatory.

ALGAE - Obtained from seaweed, algae is a natural moisturizer and is claimed to prevent wrinkles. Added to salt baths to boost detoxifying action.

ALMOND MEAL - Moist with Sweet Almond Oil, Almond meal helps replenish skin oils lost during the cleansing process while producing a gentle massaging effect during exfoliation.

ALOE VERA GEL - The pulpy, expressed juice of the Aloe Vera plant. Aloe Vera is famous for its moisturizing and soothing properties, as well as for its ability to aid in healing.

ALPHA HYDROXY ACIDS - Natural plant extracts that improve the look and condition of skin by accelerating the
exfoliation of outer dead skin cells revealing younger fresher
skin. Additionally, AHA's stimulate collagen synthesis, boost skin elasticity and increase cell renewal.

ALMOND OIL - Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis. Pressed from the ripe seeds (nut) of the almond tree. A versatile, carrier oil, good for all skin types. Ground almonds make for excellent natural abrasives. Moist with Sweet Almond Oil, ground almonds help replenish the oils lost from the skin during the cleansing process; being rather soft in texture, they produce a gentle massaging effect in exfoliators. Very lubricating and can relieve itching and inflammation; a wonderful, natural moisturizer for ‘dishpan' hands and chapped skin.

ANISE OIL - Pimpinella Anisium. Well known for its sweet aroma and taste. Antiseptic and slightly astringent. Helps induce perspiration.

ANTIOXIDANTS - A group of vitamins, minerals, and enzymes that help protect our body from the formation of destructive, reactive molecules, known as free radicals. Antioxidants, such as Vitamins A, C, and E, the mineral selenium, and other nutrients also act as free radical scavengers, neutralizing the free radical particles.

APPLE CIDER VINEGAR - Pyrus Malus. A sour, sharp-tasting liquid containing acetic acid. Produced from the fermentation of the juice of various fruits or berries, or from honey, molasses, or even cereal grains as in malt vinegars. Cosmetic vinegars, also called toilet vinegars, have been used as a complexion aid for centuries. Vinegar closes pores and preserves or restores the skin's natural acidity (pH balance). Vinegar keeps both oily and dry complexions soft and fresh and can combat the ravages of alkaline soaps and make up.

APRICOT KERNEL OIL - Prunus Armeniaca. An extremely desirable moisturizer rich in Vitamins A and E, apricot kernel oil is extracted from the inedible kernels found in the apricot pit. Helps skin retain elasticity and suppleness without feeling greasy. Excellent when used on dry or mature skin.

ASCORBIC ACID - Is the scientific name for vitamin C, which is typically found in fresh fruits and vegetables. It can stimulate skin protein production when applied to skin.

ASTRINGENT - A member of the toner family effective on oily and blemished complexions. Performs a tightening action on the skin and pores.

AVOCADO OIL - Persea Gratissima. A precious, natural oil derived from the flesh of the avocado fruit, a tropical plant from Central America and California. Rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, protein and amino acids. One of the few vegetable oils containing protein, avocado oil penetrates the skin deeply without leaving an oily film on the skin. Promotes the regeneration of scarred skin. Softens and conditions dry, flaky skin and scalp. Stimulates hair growth.

AZTEC MARIGOLD - Tagetes Erecta. Used for its cleansing and deodorizing properties, Aztec Marigold is an anti-fungal and antibacterial. A wonderful emollient oil which has a soothing effect on the skin.

BALSAM OF PERU - Myroxylon Pereirae. An essential oil with a very rich, vanilla-like fragrance. Promotes healthy growth of skin, and can be used for eczema, chapped hands, and to toughen nipples in preparation for nursing.

BAY OIL - Steam distilled from the leaves and branches of
the bay plant, bay oil is prized for its antiseptic and emollient qualities. Possesses a warm, spicy fragrance.

BEE POLLEN - Consists of plant hormones, proteins, amino acids, enzymes, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, which bees mix with their own saliva and store as food for the winter. Energizing to the body, nourishing and rejuvenating to the skin, and sweetly scented.

BEESWAX - A natural wax made by bees in the cell walls of honeycombs. Beeswax is a natural emulsifier used in cosmetics since prehistoric times. Adds a wonderful natural smell and color to products, and helps to seal and protect the skin when used in moisturizing products.

BENTONITE - A natural clay that is an effective skin clarifier. Takes its name from Fort Benton where bentonite deposits are found. Used in facial masks.

BETA-CAROTENE - Substance found primarily in carrots. The body converts beta-carotene into Vitamin A. Used to
give products a yellow to orange-red color.

BERGAMOT OIL - Citrus Bergamia. Antiseptic, energizing and uplifting. Used to calm irritated skin, psoriasis and stress.

BILBERRY EXTRACT - extracted from the leaves and fruit of the shrub, Bilberry is an astringent, cooling herb that tones the skin. It is also a natural alpha hydroxy acid.

BLADDERWRACK - Derived from thallus of Fucus Vesiculosus. Bladderwrack is a seaweed. This extract is recommended for toning the skin and stimulating cell activity. Great in baths, bladderwrack provides various minerals and salts that cleanse and refresh the skin.

BLUE VERVAIN LEAF - Acts as a relaxant in cases of muscle tension. Infused as an eye compress for tired eyes and inflamed eyelids.

BUTTERMILK - A specialty milk richer in fats and emollients than whole cow's milk. For centuries milk has been used as a natural, soothing skin cleanser and softener.

CALENDULA FLOWER - Calendula Officinalis of the Marigold plant. Calendula is classified as an anti-inflammatory and is often used to treat itching, flaking, weeping skin conditions. A wonderful, emollient oil that has a soothing effect on the skin. Effective ally in treating water retention and cellulite. Used in treatment-type products for mature skin. Calendula has been used for centuries.

CALCIUM CARBONATE - A mildly abrasive natural chalk. It is an absorbent for facial oils and helps smooth out the complexion.

CAMPHOR - Cooling, highly stimulating herb. Used for oily skin and acne.

CANDELILLA WAX - Eupohorbia Certifera. A natural wax from the Candelilla plant, grown in Mexico. Obtained by boiling the plant. Gives formulas body and sheen. Used in cosmetics as a thickener.

CARNAUBA WAX - Derived from the leaf of a Brazilian palm known as "the tree of life." An edible material wax often used in making candies, it has the highest melting point of any material wax found on earth.

CARRAGEENAN - Chondrus Crispus. Derived from a red seaweed; another name is Irish Moss. Used for its excellent emollient qualities.

CARRIER OILS - Essential oils are very concentrated and can not be used directly on the skin, as they can cause irritation. Therefore essential oils are diluted before being applied, into carrier oils. Extracted from nuts, kernels, seeds, and are sometimes called vegetable oils. Burt's Bees uses several carrier oils including: Sweet Almond, Apricot Kernel, Avocado, Grapeseed, Olive, Vitamin E oil, and Wheat Germ Oil.

CARROT POWDER - Vitamin Rich, garden grown Carrots are fresh dried and gently ground to a powdered form. Carrots, rich in Beta Carotene nourish the skin and help improve skin tone and color. Works as a natural antioxidant, to help reverse free radical damage.

CARROT SEED OIL - Daucus Carota Sativa. A thin, yellow oil distilled from ground seeds. Rich in Carotene and valued for its soothing, relaxing properties. It stimulates cell renewal as well as the sweat and sebaceous glands, and is a great benefit to mature or dry skin. Protects skin exposed to weather extremes and is indispensable for hikers, skiers and outdoor athletes. Helps to deter or reduce wrinkles. Has a heavy, woodsy, earthy, fruity scent.

CASTILE SOAP - A soap of vegetable oil origin, usually olive oil.

CASTOR OIL - is the oil extracted from the castor bean. It is a moisturizer and natural pigment dispersant.

CEDARWOOD OIL - Astringent and cleansing oil with a mild, balsamic, pleasant fragrance. Steam distilled from various types of cedars. Good as a base note to blend with floral scents for use in personal care products.

CEDAR LEAF OIL - Cedarwood Atlas. Is antiseptic and astringent. Balances and regulates oil production. Often used for it's aromatic scent.

CHAMOMILE - Anthemis Nobilis. There are two chamomiles, Roman and German, both produce the light blue oil, azulene, used since ancient times for its invigorating qualities. Chamomile has very low toxicity so it is good for children. Rejuvenating and relaxing, European facialists rave about this fragrant annual herb. Massage oil with Chamomile is good for dry skin, dermatitis, acne, burns and inflammation. Bathing with Chamomile is soothing, helps menstrual problems, aches and pains related to exercise, anxiety, stress and irritability.

CHAMOMILE EXTRACT- our yellow corn alcoholic extract contains soothing, anti-irritant alpha bisabolol.

CHLOROPHILLIN-COPPER COMPLEX - A water
soluble derivative of chlorophyll. Used as a deodorizing agent in mouth washes, breath fresheners and body deodorants.

CINNAMON OIL - Cinnamomum Cassia. The natural
essential oil of the Cinnamon tree obtained by steam distillation of the leaves, bark and twigs. Used in skin care preparations for its spicy, awakening fragrance.

CITRIC ACID - Natural alpha hydroxy acid found in citrus fruits. It is a gentle exfoliator for skin.

CITRONELLA OIL - Cymbopogon Schoenanthus. Derived from Citronella grass, A fragrant oil used in insect repellents. Citronella oil is used as a raw material in the manufacture of other oils and is extensively used in soap making.

CLAY - Clay consists of tiny particles of minerals (rocks) which were carried along by rivers in previous geological years and then deposited in the earth, now excavated. Variously enriched and colored by the particulars of their geographical location, clays may be red, green, or white and their properties vary according to the trace elements they contain. Used for health and beauty treatments throughout the ages, in both mud packs and face masks. Its drawing action removes impurities from deep within the pores, leaving the skin clean, clear, and stimulated. Burt's Bees uses green, white, and sea clays in our cosmetic formulations.

CLOVE OIL - Eugenia Caryophyllus. Essential oil from the buds of an aromatic tropical evergreen. Warming, antiseptic, disinfectant and a pain reliever. Lends a sweet, spicy note to skin care formulations.

COCOA BUTTER - Triglycerides of fatty acids made from the beans of the cacao tree (Theobroma Cacao). Cocoa butter is a superb emollient that softens and protects chapped skin, relieves irritation and diminishes signs of wrinkling and stretch marks. Has a sweet chocolate smell. It is also helpful as a binder or thickener in natural cosmetic formulas where chemical thickeners are not used.

COCONUT OIL - Cocos Nucifera. The flesh of the coconut is rich in emollient fat, and when pressed yields a white, sweetly scented, super moisturizing oil, which is a solid at room temperature but easily melts on the skin. The consistency of coconut oil helps to bind and emulsify natural formulations where no chemical emulsifiers are desirable. Usually blended with other fats, coconut oil is the volatile, fragrant oil popularly used in suntan products. It protects skin from the elements by forming a thin film which is not absorbed. Coconut oil is useful as an after sun oil, and it is revitalizing to dry, damaged hair. Surfactants derived from coconut oil have good cleansing properties and are known for their mildness.

COMFREY - Symphytum Officinale. Contains allantoin, a skin ingredient that promotes healing, and is known for its regenerating and soothing properties. The extract of the Comfrey plant is anti-inflammatory, astringent and emollient. Aids the healing of open wounds, cuts, burns, and bruises.

COMFREY ROOT EXTRACT- is an extract containing the active healing components of the root.

CORNMEAL - Milled from corn and corn cobs, these natural abrasives are effective, yet safe, for your skin.

CORN STARCH - Zea Mays. Highly absorbent product derived from the corn plant. Absorbs both moisture and oils. Produces a soft, soothing feeling in face masques. An ingredient added to cremes and lotions to help the product spread on the skin more easily.

CRANBERRY EXTRACT - Naturally acidic extract, has an astringent effect on gums.

CUCUMBER EXTRACT - The juice extracted from the
vegetable is mildly astringent, yet soothing and can help reduce puffiness of the skin.Cucumber also has a slight bleaching action which aids in removing dead skin cells.

CYPRESS OIL - Cupressus Sempervirens. Steam distilled from the needles, twigs and cones of this tall evergreen, a native of Southern Europe. Clear to greenish-yellow, with a sharp and spicy smell, which is warm, woody and resinous with a lemony undertone. Stimulates circulation and has a detoxifying effect
on the body. In skin care formulations, cypress regulates oil
production, making it useful for controlling acne and dandruff, which are both caused by over-activity of the skin's oil glands. Also used to treat broken capillaries and varicose veins. Often used in men's cosmetics due to its astringent properties, cypress oil can stop the bleeding from shaving nicks and cuts.

DEAD SEA MUD - Precious clay obtained from the Dead Sea in Israel. It's drawing action removes impurities from deep within the pores, leaving the skin clean, clear, and stimulated. Minerals from the Dead Sea are known for their reviving, toning and purifying qualities.

DEAD SEA SALTS - Obtained from the Dead Sea in Israel. Composed of salts of Potassium, Chlorine, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium as well as Sulfur and Bromine compounds. These salts are famous for their reviving, toning and purifying qualities.

DIATOMACEOUS EARTH - A fine siliceous earth composed chiefly of the cell walls of diatoms, any of numerous microscopic, unicellular, marine or fresh-water algae. Effective in destroying soft bodied larval pests.

DULSE - Rhodymenia Palmata. An emollient and moisturizing sea weed. Detoxifying. Good for the treatment of oily skin.

ELDER FLOWER - Sambucus Nigra. Extracted from the honey-scented flowers of the elder tree. Healing and gentle astringent for all skins especially mature or sallow skins. Reputed to soften skin and smooth wrinkles, fade freckles and soothe sunburn.

EMOLLIENT - A skin conditioning agent which helps maintain the smooth, soft pliable appearance of the skin. Sweet almond oil and apricot oil are botanical emollients used in most of Burt's Bees creams, salves and balms. While the terms moisturizer and emollient are often used interchangeable, the two functions are different; however they often occur at the same time.

EMU OIL - Not all emu oil on the market is "refined", so we must warn consumers to beware.  Emu Oil is an all-natural substance which exhibits anti-inflammatory and significant wound healing activity.  It is used on burn patients and is known to significantly reduce recent keloid scarring; it is used as a warm-up rub prior to exercising and sports, and is used by doctors worldwide.  Many folks use it as a relief for psoriasis, eczema, age-spot reduction, stretch mark reduction, roseola, rosacea, and keratosis.  It is a "must have" for every household medicine chest.  Got an insect bite?  Reach for the emu oil!

Known as the newest anti-aging emollient, you'll want to add it to your daily beauty routine.  As a "tissue nutrient", emu oil's deep penetration abilities, moisturizes skin, leaving it soft, supple and young-looking.  Helps against and to alleviate wrinkles and age spots.  Your skin will just LOVE the nutrition received from daily use of emu oil, emu oil facial creams, and emu oil lotions.  Additionally, emu oil soap does not dry out the skin like commercially produced chemically noxious soaps can do.   Emu Oil does not clog pores! Our Shampoo and Hair Conditioner will gently cleanse your hair and moisturize it, giving it added body and shine - especially great for dry, over-worked hair.  Our Pina Colada flavored Lip Refresher protects lips from harsh weather and replenishes moisture to dry, chapped lips. 

EMULSIFIER - Agent used to assist in the production of an emulsion. Emulsifiers enable oils to be dispersed throughout a water base to form a cream or lotion that does not separate. Common emulsifiers used in the cosmetics industry are synthetic chemicals such as polysorbate 60 or steareth-20. Burt's Bees uses a handmade extract of Irish Moss, a sea plant, as a natural emulsifier.

EMULSION - A stable system in which two liquids, which would not normally go into solution, are held in suspension by a small amount of an emulsifier. Most of Burt's Bees creams are an emulsion of botanical oils and aloe vera (water-based).

ESSENTIAL OILS - A volatile, rapidly evaporating oil obtained from the leaves, stem, flower, seed or root of a plant, usually carrying the odor characteristic of the plant. Essential oils add fragrance to our skin care products, as well as contribute to their healthful and beautifying qualities through their various abilities to tone, balance, relax, cleanse and invigorate. Although all essential oils are "fragrant", not all "fragrances" are essential oils. True essential oils must be plant derived. Used in cosmetics, aromatherapy, medicine, perfumery and flavoring.

ESTER - Compounds formed by the reaction of an acid or an alcohol. The esters used in cosmetics are usually emollients and mostly designed to spread easily and penetrate into the contours of the skin more readily. They tend to resist rancidity better than natural oils and are designed to be used in place of these in products.

EUCALYPTUS OIL - Eucalyptus Globules. Thin colorless oil derived from the leaves of the Eucalyptus tree, a native of Australia. Eucalyptus trees are the tallest deciduous trees in the world, some of them reaching a height of 500 feet. Stimulating and antiseptic oil valued for its penetrating fragrance with a medicinal note to it. Most people are familiar with this scent as it is often used in cough and cold remedies, for example, Vick's Vapor Rub. Inhaling its camphor-like smell opens up sinuses and clears congestion. Often used to fight colds and coughs, as it has strong antibacterial, expectorant and cough-suppressant properties. Insects are repelled by the smell of Eucalyptus oil; it is used in many herbal insect repellents. A popular medication used to relieve joint pains, muscular aches and the swelling of arthritis. Also used for its soothing and refreshing properties.

EXFOLIANT - A product or ingredient which is used to remove unwanted tissue or waste products from the skin and other body surfaces. Burt's Bees Citrus Facial Scrub is an example of an exfoliant. Exfoliant's gentle abrasive action removes dirt, leaving the skin soft and radiant. Crushed pecans shells, ground oats and ground almonds are the exfoliating ingredients in our Citrus Scrub.

EYEBRIGHT LEAF - Euphrasia Officinalis. This plant has been used for centuries as a topical application for eye irritations. it has a toning effect on the surface of the eye, and has excellent astringent and anti-inflammatory properties to aid problems due to allergic reactions, airborne pollution and conjunctivitis. Eyebright is known to give brilliance and sparkle to the eyes.

FLAX SEED OIL: Rich in vitamin E, an antioxidant long used to help skin tissue rejuvenate itself.

FENNEL SEED - Used in facial steams and baths for deep cleansing. Seeds used to reduce inflammation, or chewed to sweeten breath.

FERMENTED VEGETABLE - 100% natural, special, proprietary ingredient. Clinically used for years as a natural deodorant. Used to neutralize body odors.

FIR NEEDLE - Thin clear oil derived through steam distillation of the needles of the pine tree. Strong antiseptic and deodorizing qualities. Quite useful in the sauna, and in a bath, pine eases stress and mental exhaustion. Pine is a familiar scent to most of us, reminding us of cool, green forests. Often used in household cleaning products and in men's toiletries.

FRAGRANCE - The particular aromatic blend of essential oils added to our fragranced product, making it more appealing to the consumer.

FREE RADICALS - Very reactive atoms or molecules that can cause damage to our cells, impairing our immune system and leading to degenerative diseases.

GERANIUM OIL - Oil with a fresh, sweet floral fragrance obtained through steam distillation of Pelargonium Odorantissimum - 1 of 700 species of the Geranium family. Highly therapeutic, antiseptic and astringent. Helps user relax and cope with pain. Brings a radiant glow to skin. The plant is indigenous to Algeria, Madagassar and Guinea.

GLUCOSE & GLUCOSE OXIDASE - When combined with glucose (sugar), Glucose oxidase and lactoperoxidase (natural enzymes), act to preserve by consuming oxygen. A method to make natural cosmetics inhospitable to micro-organisms.

GLUCOSE, GLUCOSE OXIDASE & LACTOPEROXIDASE - When combined with glucose (sugar), glucose oxidase and lactoperoxidase (natural enzymes), act to preserve by consuming oxygen. A method to make natural cosmetics inhospitable to micro-organisms.

GLYCERIN - Natural humectant and emollient. A clear, sweet, syrupy liquid derived from vegetable oil. Non-irritating and soothing, can be used on even the most sensitive skin.

GREEN TEA - Green Tea was brought from China to Japan over 800 years ago and has become an essential part of Japanese everyday diet. Beneficial effects of green tea were well-known from the early times. Nowadays, with reasons of those benefits proven by scientific research, green tea has been given credit for being more than just a "healthy drink". Green tea contains nutritious skin ingredients including Vitamin E, Vitamin C and Vitamin B. It is antibacterial and anti-oxidant.

GREEN TEA EXTRACT - a natural antioxidant, green tea extract is a natural astringent and is effective in treating troubled skin and breakouts.

GRAPE SEED OIL - Vitis Vinifera. Expressed from grape seeds. Rich, soothing, carrier oil that imparts shine and is widely used in hypo-allergenic moisturizers because it does not cause allergic reactions.

GRAPEFRUIT OIL - Uplifting, cleansing and clearing. Stimulating to the lymphatic system and toning to the skin.

GRAPEFRUIT SEED EXTRACT - Citrus Grandis.
Extract from the seeds of the grapefruit. A natural bactericide, preservative and stabilizer that is both tonic and astringent.

HAZELNUT OIL - From the hazelnut. This oil is slightly
astringent and toning. Good for all skin types.

HERBS - Derived from plants, herbs are vegetable matter used in the form of the leaves, flowers or roots. Their use throughout history is well-documented as both effective and safe in the treatment of the ails of human and animal-kind. Just 150 years ago, and for civilizations before that, herbs were used for the same purposes as we use our chemical medications today. Burt's Bees continues the tradition of reverence for the gifts of Mother Nature by relying on herbs and plant-derived ingredients instead of the petroleum based, chemically formulated products available in the mass markets of our society.

HONEY - Sweet, fragrant, syrupy substance produced by bees. Honey soothes and adds softness to the skin, an excellent natural moisturizer.

HORSETAIL LEAVES - From the nonflowering horsetail plant. Rich in silica and other minerals. Rehydrating and soothing properties, as well as toning and astringent qualities. Important to tired and neglected skin types.

HUMECTANT - A skin conditioning ingredient in creams and lotions whose function is to prevent water loss and drying of the skin. Humectants are hygroscopic, that is they attract and hold moisture.

HYBRID SUNFLOWER OIL - Sunflowers were cultivated
by the American Indians over 3,000 years ago. The pressed oil contains Vitamin E and other substances that are beneficial to the skin.

HYDRATING - The ability to restore or maintain the normal fluid proportion in the skin or body. Hydrating agents are used in cosmetics to keep the skin natural, moist, firm and young-looking.

HYPERICUM PERFORATUM - St. John's Wort. Has a wide range of medicinal uses; it is an antibacterial used to heal deep cuts and wounds, soothes and eases the pain of burns by lowering skin temperature, and is a diurectic, helping to eliminate waste materials from the body.

INFUSION - A mixture of herbs in liquid that is soaked or steeped for a period of time and then used internally or externally as a cosmetic or medicine. An infusion is made chiefly from the softer parts (the flower or leaves). Burt's Bees massage oils are an infusion made by steeping herbs in botanical oils over low heat for several weeks until the goodness of the herbs is released into the oil. The spent herbs are then filtered out and discarded; the remaining infusion contains the healing benefits of the herbs.

IRON OXIDE - A natural mineral pigment.

JASMINE OIL - Jasmium Officinate. Used in skin and hair care products, it helps to soothe and moisturize. Jasmine is believed to be soothing, anti-depressant, antiseptic, emotionally balancing and an aphrodisiac. Has a rich, calming, sensual floral fragrance.

JEWEL WEED - The juice of the plant has been used for centuries to relieve the irritation and itch of poison ivy, oak or sumac.

JOJOBA OIL - A natural extracted liquid wax from the jojoba plant. This natural oil is excellent for the skin and hair. It is
superior to other skin and hair oils. This mild oil is a natural
moisturizer that absorbs quickly into the skin.

JUNIPER BERRY OIL - Thin, clear liquid derived from the berries of the juniper bush. Antiseptic, detoxifying, toning and astringent. Chosen for oily or sluggish skin and is a good cleansing agent. Draws out fluids and is useful in cellulite formulations. Slightly reminiscent of pine needles.

KAOLIN - Natural Clay. Finely textured, light colored clay. Pink, green and white clays are all members of kaolin family. Its excellent absorbent, tightening and toning properties make it valuable for face masks.

KELP - Lamanaria Digitata. High in silicon. Believed to keep skin from wrinkling and sagging.

KRAMERIA EXTRACT - Also known as Rhattany, this powerful astringent has been used for centuries by Peruvian Indians to promote healthy gums.

LANOLIN - Obtained from the wax found on sheep wool after shearing, refined and purified to cosmetic specifications. Has a characteristic "barnyard" odor. Rich in cholesterol, Lanolin is well suited for the treatment of brittle hair and fingernails, and dry and raw elbows, knees and feet. An excellent emollient, skin lubricant and protectant especially helpful in winter when extremes of temperature and wind can damage skin. Lanolin is also useful in natural cosmetic formulations as it adds thickness and body to a cream or salve without the use of chemical thickeners.

LAVENDER OIL - Any of the woody evergreen shrubs belonging to the genus Lavaendula, bearing spikes of pale purple flowers and yielding a fragrant oil. Its fresh, clean scent has made it a worldwide, body pampering favorite. Lavender is an excellent all-purpose skin care oil in that it relieves pain, promotes healing, and prevents scarring by stimulating the cells to regenerate more quickly. Used on itchy skin, bruises, burns and blemishes. Stimulates circulation to the skin.

LEMONGRASS OIL - Citrus Medica Limonum. Volatile oil distilled from the leaves of lemon grasses. A yellowish or reddish brown liquid, it has a strong odor of verbena. Used in insect repellents and in fruit flavorings for foods and beverages.

LEMON OIL - Obtained from the fresh peel of the Citrus Lemon tree. Known for its astringent and anti-irritant qualities, lemon oil also imparts shine to the hair when added to hair products. Also valued for its characteristic sweet, fruity refreshingly clean, lemony fragrance. Lemon oil is fairly inexpensive because it is produced quite simply and cheaply; about 1,000 lemons will yield a pound of lemon oil. Balances overactive
sebaceous glands that lead to oily, blemished skin. Clears, and enlivens the complexion. Also effective in treating brittle
fingernails and in general hand care.

LEMON PEEL EXTRACT - our yellow corn alcoholic extract contains the essential oils of the lemon which are stimulatory to the skins circulation.

LEMON VERBENA LEAF
- Aloysia triphylls. These leaves have a clean, sharp, lemony fragrance. Is antiseptic and stimulating. As an infusion, can be used to reduce puffiness around eyes.

LETTUCE EXTRACT - our yellow corn alcoholic extract contains chlorophyl and other essential oils.

LIME OIL - Astringent, antiseptic and non-irritating. Useful in the treatment of acne.

MAGNESIUM SULFATE - Epsom Salts. Small, white crystal resembling salt. It is used in soaks and baths to draw toxic substances from the body through the skin. Very effective for sore, tired muscles.

MARINE SILTS - Mineral rich ocean sediment full of luscious vitamins. Silts are heavier than water, and therefore sink to form a muddy, murky layer. Marine silts draw out toxins and are used to remineralize the surface of the skin.

MARSHMALLOW LEAF - Althaea Officinalis. Emollient,
softening and soothing. Good for inflamed, puffy skin.

MASK - A cosmetic absorbent which, when mixed with water, draws impurities from the skin's pores. Burt's Bees Green Goddess Clay mask is an example, which relies on green clay to clean the pores and dried herbs to stimulate, tone and refresh the skin. Green Goddess Clay mask can be mixed with water to treat oily skin and mixed with mashed avocado, banana or honey if the skin is dry or aging, as the mask would then moisturize as it cleans. Masks do not have to be completely dry on the skin to accomplish their ‘drawing' and cleansing effects.

MENTHOL - This natural crystal imparts cooling and antimicrobial properties to preparations.

MOISTURIZER - Something which helps the skin retain, or adds to, its natural moisture. Usually a liquid, lotion, cream, or oil.

MUGWORT - Artemisia Vulgaris. Derived from the distillation of the whole plant. Strongly aromatic, slightly musky, the oil is
yellowish-brown. Named after the goddess Aremis, protectress of virgins, mugwort had an ancient reputation as a specific for female cycles. It was also a magical plant known to increase
psychic power.

MYRRH - Commiphora Myrrha. Obtained from various trees, especially from East Africa and Arabia. Valued for its fragrant and soothing properties. Used by the ancients as an ingredient of incense and perfumes and as a remedy for localized skin
problems. Can work to heal skin rashes and irritations. Has a revitalizing effect on aging and wrinkled skin. It has preserving and antiseptic properties.

NATURAL - Any substance that is harvested from nature and then isolated and purified by a variety of environmentally sound techniques including: filtration, fermentation, distillation, expressing and other like processes.

NATURAL FLAVOR(S) - Flavors derived from nature. The source may be fruit, vegetable or any other natural source that provides a pleasing taste.

NETTLES - Urtica Dioica. An herb obtained from the stinging weed. Rich in minerals and plant hormones. Known for its tonic, astringent and revitalizing properties. Stimulates hair growth and adds shine and softness to hair.

NONFAT MILK - Solid residue which remains when water
is removed from defatted cow's milk. Milk has been used for centuries as a natural, soothing skin cleanser and softener.

NUTMEG - Myristica Fragrans. Used in perfumery, especially in combination with such other scents as sandalwood, lavender, patchouli, and vetiver, and in spicy aftershave lotions and other types of men's cosmetics. Used as a massage oil to stimulate circulation and to relieve rheumatic pains and achy joints. It is used externally as a gentle stimulant.

OATS - Kind and soothing to the skin, oats can relieve the
irritation of dry, itchy skin. Helps absorb oils, leaving a silky smooth feel to the skin. Acts as a gentle exfoliant.

OAT PROTEIN - Avena Sativa. A very special, natural
emulsifier which blends vegetable oils and vegetable glycerins together. Burt's Bees selects oat protein over wheat.

OLIVE OIL - Obtained from pressing ripe olives of Olea Europaea. Olive oil is greenish-yellow in color and has a strong, somewhat spicy odor. A carrier oil best used with the stronger smelling essential oils such as rosemary or tea tree to mask its inherent odor. It has been used by Mediterranean people for centuries both as a food and as a treatment for damaged, dry hair. Soothes, heals and lubricates the skin. Used in many face creams as an emollient with superior penetrating power.

OAT STRAW - The rough cellulose fiber of the oat (sativa) species, which lends a “scrubbing” action to the soap bar. Oats are well known skin soothers.

ORANGE OIL - Citrus Aurantium Dulcis. Obtained by expressing the cold, fresh peel of the orange tree, a smallish tree native to China and India, now cultivated in Brazil, Cypress, Israel, Mexico and the United States. About 800 oranges yields one pound of orange oil. Valued for its zesty and refreshing, sweet yet tart aroma. In skin care preparations, orange oil reduces puffiness and discourages dry wrinkled skin. Both the oil and the peel are used to stimulate circulation, clear blemishes, and increase perspiration, thus assisting the release of toxins from dull or blemished skin. The peel is used as a natural exfoliator.

ORANGE WAX - Derived from orange rinds, this wax is a multifunctional ingredient that possesses antimicrobial, emulsifying, stabilizing and emollient properties.

PATCHOULI OIL - Pogostemon Cablin. Antiseptic. Stimulating when used in small quantities, sedating when used in larger doses. Best used for bath or massage. Said to have aphrodisiac qualities. Scent makes a pleasant cologne.

PARSLEY EXTRACT - Parsley is a source of remarkable nutrition. Rich in Vitamin C, pro vitamin V and chlorophyll, parsley increases circulation to the skin and helps purify the skin.

PARSLEY LEAF - Soothing and antiseptic. Has healing effects on acne, psoriasis and excema. Excellent for use in facial steams.

PECAN SHELL POWDER - Carya Illinoensis. From the ground shell of the pecan, pecan shell powder makes an excellent, gentle, natural exfolliant.

PENNY ROYAL - The Latin name derives from pulex (flea) because of pennyroyal's power to deter fleas and other insects.

PEPPERMINT OIL - Mentha Piperita. Refreshing, reviving, fragrant oil or extract from the Mediterranean peppermint plant. Peppermint herb is valued for its cooling, pain relieving and antiseptic effect in bath and facial herbs. When prepared in a carrier lotion it is useful for minor skin irritation and inflammation. Peppermint oil contains menthol, known for its ability to open breathing passages and settle upset stomachs. Peppermint oil is used extensively to flavor candy, chewing gum and toothpaste and, in cosmetics, is used to cleanse and tone. Purifies sluggish skin and pores, and is suitable for use on oily skin, acne, and blackheads.

pH - The power of the hydrogen molecule. The amount of hydrogen present in a substance determines the acid or alkaline level of a product. In the skin it is the pH of the acid mantle (the protective fluid made up of perspiration, oils and other debris lying over the live part of the Dermis) that is considered important to the health of the skin.

PINE OIL - Thin clear oil derived through steam distillation of the needles of the pine tree. Strong antiseptic and deodorizing qualities. Quite useful in the sauna, and in a bath, pine eases stress and mental exhaustion. Pine is a familiar scent to most of us, reminding us of cool, green forests. Often used in household cleaning products and in men's toiletries.

PINE TAR - Produced by distillation, and applied externally, pine tar is used extensively in the treatment of skin afflictions. Pine tar is soothing to the skin and antiseptic.

PANTHENOL - is provitamin B5 which conditions the hair when absorbed.

PUMICE - Light weight porous rock of volcanic origin that acts as an exfoliator when rubbed on skin.

PURIFIED WATER - Water that has been treated to filter out sediments, remove all dissolved minerals and kill all micro-organisms.

PYRETHRUM - A natural pest deterrent.

RETINYL PALMITATE (Vitamin A) - A stable form of Vitamin A that acts as a skin normalizer. Helps remind the cells of what they did when they were young. Nourishes the skin when applied topically.

RICE FLOUR - Highly absorbent product derived from ground rice. Absorbs both moisture and oils.

ROSE BUDS - Obtained from the dried plants of Rosa Centifolia. Has, the same sweet fragrance as rose oil, but to a much lesser degree.

ROSE HIP SEED OIL - Rosa Mosqueta. A Triglyceride
(vegetable oil). High in polyunsaturated fats and Vitamin C. Soothing, softening and regenerating to the skin. Successfully used to treat scar tissue.

ROSE OIL - Has soothing, gentle cleansing properties that have a softening and refining effect on the skin. It is antiseptic and mildly astringent for dry or chapped skin, helping to restore pH. Excellent for use on all skin types.

ROSEMARY - Rosmarinus Officinalis. An aromatic shrub with scaly bark and leathery, needle-like leaves yielding a pungent pine-like aroma with a woody, camphor note. Used for centuries, rosemary is a physical and mental stimulant, and an astringent healer used to treat muscle soreness.. Stimulates cell renewal, and in beauty products it is used to clear acne and blemishes, improve circulation and can reduce the appearance of broken capillaries and varicose veins. Has a long history as a ingredient in hair care, as it normalizes excessive oil secretions and improves most scalp problems, notably dandruff. Conditions the scalp and stimulates hair growth.

ROSEMARY EXTRACT - From the aromatic rosemary
shrub with scaly bark and leathery needle-like leaves, yields a pungent pine-like aroma with a woody, camphor note. Used
for centuries, Rosemary is a physical and mental stimulant. Stimulates cell renewal, and in beauty products, it is used to clear acne and blemishes, improve circulation and can reduce the appearance of broken capillaries and varicose veins.

ROYAL JELLY - Very nourishing, royal jelly is made of nectar, pollen, flower parts, vitamins, minerals, bee hormones and other natural ingredients. Very precious, mysterious substance that honeybees produce and feed to only select young bees, who in turn become mature and fertile Queen bees. The Queen bee lives 40 times longer than her worker bees.

RUE - A volatile oil which contains limonene. Completely safe way to deter insects. For centuries, the herb rue has been used in households to deter flies and ants in such things as arrangements, wreathes and potpourri.

SAGE - Salvia Officinalis. A natural antioxidant. The leaves of the small evergreen perennial are used for their tonic, astringent, and soothing properties. Sage oils, obtained by steam distillation of the leaves, are used as a fragrant component in lotions. Arabs believe sage prevents dying, while the Chinese used to brew sage leaves instead of tea to obtain a soothing, relaxing beverage.

SANDALWOOD OIL - Santalum Album. This rich, luxurious, fragrant oil is one of the oldest known perfume materials, with at least 4,000 years of uninterrupted use. Sandalwood helps reduce tension and anxiety, and is moisturizing to dry skin and hair. It is believed to be an antidepressant, expectorant and aphrodisiac.

SD ALCOHOL - Distilled from corn. Specially denatured (SD) alcohol according to U.S. Codes of Federal Regulations. Denaturing makes the alcohol un-drinkable by adding unpleasant substances. Works as a solvent.

SEA CLAY - Tiny particles of minerals (rocks) which were
carried along by rivers in previous geological years and then deposited in the sea, now excavated. Used for health and
beauty treatments throughout the ages, in both mud packs and face masks. Sea clay's natural drawing action removes impurities from deep within the pores, leaving the skin clean, clear, detoxified and stimulated.

SEA SALT - Concentrated mineral salt from the sea. Softens skin and acts as a detoxifying cleanser that draws impurities out of the body through the skin.

SEAWEED - Detoxifying marine plant. Good for the
treatment of oily skin.

SESAME SEED OIL - The edible seeds of an East Indian herb yield a pale yellow oil which is an excellent skin softener. Aids in the treatment of psoriasis and eczema. Excellent for all skin types.

SLIPPERY ELM BARK - Obtained from the inner bark of Ulmus Fulva - the North American Elm tree. Used for its soothing and softening properties. Colonists used Slippery Elm Bark poultices for a variety of skin ailments. Effective in damp, moist areas such as a baby's bottom to soothe, coat and calm the skin.

SODIUM BICARBONATE - Baking Soda. A natural, alkaline salt crystal. Very effective cleansing agent, yet mild to the hair and skin. Also extremely absorbent of odors.

SODIUM BORATE - Natural Borax. Hard odorless powder. Salt used together with Beeswax to form stable emulsions in cremes and lotions. Also used as a pH adjuster and a gentle antiseptic.

SODIUM CITRATE - is a natural alpha hydroxy acid salt that naturally adjusts ph.

SODIUM CHLORIDE - Concentrated mineral salt from the sea. Softens skin and acts as a detoxifying cleanser that draws
impurities out of the body through the skin.

SOUTHERNWOOD - An herb which has essential oils that pass to the roots and act as a conditioner. Great for dull, lifeless hair, also used to encourage hair growth. Also used to deter flies.

SPEARMINT OIL - Natural mint flavor imparts taste and antimicrobial properties to oral products.

SPRUCE OIL - Tsuga Canadensis. Pleasant in the bath and is used commercially in soap making, room deodorants, bath
preparations and many other types of household products.

STEARIC ACID (Vegetable Fat) - When a vegetable oil molecule is split in half, glycerin and fatty acids are the result. These fatty acids are reacted with borax, a natural salt, a natural emulsifier. Emulsifiers enable oils to be dispersed throughout a water base to form a cream or lotion that does not separate.

SUCROSE - Sugar. A crystalline disaccharide obtained from the sugar cane, the sugar beet, and sorghum, and forming the greater part of maple sugar.

SUNFLOWER SEED - Helianthus Annuus. Makes an excellent nutritious food for the body and skin. Sunflower oil is especially useful for oily skin. The petals are used as an ingredient in herbal hair rinses, especially for blond or light-colored hair.

SUCROSE STEARATE - derived from sugar and vegetable oil, works as an emulsifier.

SURFACTANT - Abbreviation of the term, "surface-active-agent." Reduce the surface tension of oils, greases and other substances, allowing them to be broken into smaller particles or globules to facilitate cleansing.

SUGAR CANE EXTRACT - the juicy pulp of the sugar cane plant works as a natural alpha hydroxy acid.

SUGAR MAPLE EXTRACT - derived from the Sugar Maple tree, this extract works as a natural alpha hydroxy acid.

SWEET ALMOND OIL - From the almond. Very emollient, all-purpose oil that is absorbed quickly. Excellent for the skin and nails.

SWEET ORANGE OIL - Citrus Aurantium Dulcis. Obtained by expressing the cold, fresh peel of the orange tree, a smallish tree native to China and India, now cultivated in Brazil, Cypress, Israel, Mexico and the United States. About 800 oranges yields one pound of orange oil. Valued for its zesty and refreshing, sweet yet tart aroma. In skin care preparations, orange oil reduces puffiness and discourages dry wrinkled skin. Both the oil and the peel are used to stimulate circulation, clear blemishes, and increase perspiration, thus assisting the release of toxins from dull or blemished skin. The peel is used as a natural exfoliator.

TAGETES EXTRACT - Used for its cleansing and deodorizing properties, tagetes extract is an anti-fungal and antibacterial. A wonderful emollient oil which has a soothing effect on the skin. Also known as Aztec Marigold.

TANSY - Used as an insect deterrent. Externally tansy can be used as a wash to treat scabies. Tansy was one of the herbs strewn on the floor in the Middle Ages to deter fleas and other insects.

TEA TREE OIL - Indigenous to Australia, Tea Tree has been used for centuries for a wide range of medical conditions. It is antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal.

THALASSO THERAPY - The art of using sea water, sea minerals, and sea plants for therapeutic results, from the Greek "thalassa" meaning "sea." Sea products are used in spas around the world for skin care, cellulite control and aches and pains such as arthritis. The balance of elements in sea water and sea plants is very similar to the chemical make-up of human plasma, and many of the nutrients found concentrated in sea plants are nutrients needed by the skin and hair.

TITANIUM DIOXIDE - Naturally derived from a mineral. Used chiefly as a white pigment, and as an opacifier. Reflects light,
so (when stated as such) can be considered a natural sun block.

TOCOPHEROL (D-Alpha) - Vitamin E. Found in vegetable oils, especially Soybean and Wheat Germ. A natural anti-oxidant, guarding against rancidity in oils. Valued for its soothing, regenerating properties. D-Alpha Tocopherol is natural Vitamin E. DL-Alpha Tocopherol is synthetic.

TOCOPHERYL ACETATE - The ester of Tocopherol and Acetic Acid, a man-made form of Vitamin E that helps protect the skin (a stabilized version of Tocopherol).

TOMATO EXTRACT - Purifying to the skin, naturally acidic tomato extract also helps balance the PH of the skin.

TOXIC - Toxic describes a substance or condition which presents unusually high stresses upon the normal elimination systems of the body. A chronically toxic environment or repeated exposure to a toxic substance results in the degeneration of the body's functioning. Most modern urban environments present challenging conditions for the human body and its ability to cleanse and purify. Our bodies often exhibit the negative symptoms of the assault of toxins. Burt's Bees provides several products created to assist the body's normal cleansing and detoxifying processes.

VANILLA BEAN - Dried, cured fruit pods of the tender epiphytic tropical orchid. Principally used as culinary and in commercial flavorings and cosmetics.

VANILLA EXTRACT - Orchidaceae. From the tropical epiphytic orchid. Principally used as culinary and in commercial flavorings and cosmetics.

VEGETABLE GLYCERIN - A sweet tasting, colorless, sticky fluid, usually a by-product of soap-making, that draws moisture to the skin.

VEGETABLE OIL - Used to dilute essential oils which are very concentrated and can not be used directly on the skin. Extracted from nuts, kernels and seeds, vegetable oils are also used extensively as emollients.

VEGETABLE SOAP - Made from earth alkalies and vegetable oil, and used by humankind for thousands of years, natural vegetable soaps are the oldest most trusted cleansers.

VERTIVERT OIL - Vertiveria Zizanioides. Steam distillation from the roots and rootlets. Aids in cleansing and soothing dry skin.

VINEGAR - Pyrus Malus. A sour, sharp-tasting liquid containing natural, acetic acid. Produced from the fermentation of the juice of various fruits or berries, or from honey, molasses, or even cereal grains as in malt vinegars. Cosmetic vinegars, also called toilet vinegars, have been used as a complexion aid for centuries. Vinegar closes pores and preserves or restores the skin's natural acidity (pH balance). Vinegar keeps both oily and dry complexions soft and fresh and can combat the ravages of alkaline soaps and make up.

WATER - The major constituent of all living matter. Our
products always contain purified water.

WHEAT GERM OIL - Triticum Vulgare. Thick, dark, fragrant oil expressed from the wheat germ—the seed of the wheat grain. This oil is very high in vitamins, particularly Vitamin E, carotene, and lecithin. Its high Vitamin E content acts as an
anti-oxidant and preservative. Wheat germ oil is added to some cosmetics to keep the product from turning rancid.

WHEAT GRASS SEEDS - The sprouted seed of the wheat plant.

WHITE FRENCH CLAY - Finely textured, light colored, Kaolin clay. Its excellent absorbent, tightening and toning properties make it valuable for face masks.

WHOLE BUTTERMILK - A specialty milk richer in fats and emollients than whole cow's milk. For centuries milk has been used as a natural, soothing skin cleaner and skin softener.

WILD LETTUCE POWDER - Succulent wild lettuce is fresh dried and gently ground to a powdered form. Wild Lettuce is nutritionally rich yet mild to the skin, and has soothing, cooling
and purifying skin properties.

WILLOWBARK EXTRACT - Contains natural beta hydroxy acids which work as a natural skin exfoliant to help unplug
follicles and pores.

WINTERGREEN OIL - Gaultheria Procumbens (Methyl Salyctate). Distilled from the leaves of the Wintergreen plant. Strong heat/cooling action. Intensely aromatic when used in bath herb or facial herb formulas. Methyl salicylate is used as an astringent aromatic in lotions, creams, salves, and as a rub for sore muscles, arthritis, rheumatism, or sciatica.

WORMWOOD - Also known as green ginger. Completely safe herb used to deter insects. For centuries, wormwood has been burned on a fire with low embers to destroy fleas and lice.

XANTHAN GUM - A natural sugar polymer found on the foliage of leafy green plants. A natural thickener, this food grade material is edible and often used to thicken ice cream and salad dressing as well as natural cosmetics.

YARROW EXTRACT - Achillea Millefolium. Extract from the leaf and flower of the Yarrow—a strongly scented, spicy, wild herb used in astringents and shampoos. Infused with almond and olive oils, Yarrow is valued for its cleansing, toning, anti-inflammatory and healing properties. One of the best-known herbal remedies for fevers. Like all sweat inducing remedies, Yarrow encourages blood flow to the skin and this helps to lower blood pressure. Adds sheen and body to hair when used in hair products.

YLANG YLANG OIL - Cananga Odorata. This oil is used in soap making and as a blender in perfumery. It has an intensely sweet, soft, floral - balsamic, slightly spicy scent.

YUCCA SCHIDIGERA EXTRACT - A natural foaming extract from a southwestern shrub.

ZINC OXIDE - a natural mineral that works as one of Mother Nature's most effective skin protectants. Provides a natural block or barrier to wetness and moisture, as well as to the sun's rays.

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